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There is nothing like fall in the Great Smoky Mountains! With over 100 species of native trees, the Smokies offer some of the most spectacular fall colors you’ll ever see. In fact, Gatlinburg, TN was recently named one of the top ten autumn destinations in North America. To help you make the most of your next vacation, Timber Tops Cabin Rentals has put together a guide to everything you need to know about the fall foliage in the Smoky Mountains.
Why the Leaves Change Color
While the changing of the leaves has an almost magical quality to it, it is science, not magic, that explains what causes this natural phenomenon. During the spring and summer, the leaves are green because of photosynthesis, the process in which plants turn energy from the sun into “food”. As part of photosynthesis, a pigment called chlorophyll absorbs light and gives the leaves their green coloring.
When the days start to get shorter in the fall, trees aren’t able to absorb as much sunlight. This slowing of photosynthesis ultimately destroys the leaves’ chlorophyll and allows other pigments to shine through. In the Smoky Mountains, the fall brings a gorgeous variety of red, yellow, and orange leaves.
The Best Time to See the Fall Foliage in the Smoky Mountains
According to the experts, the fall colors in the Smokies will be at their best around mid-to-late October. Around halfway through the month, the leaves in the highest elevations of the mountains will reach their peak. Then, about a week later, the trees in the lower elevations will show off their most vibrant colors. The autumn foliage typically sticks around into early November.
We are excited to report that this year’s leaves are going to be particularly stunning! Over the summer, the Smoky Mountains were blessed with mild temperatures and the perfect mix of rain and sun. These factors all come together to create the ideal conditions for breathtaking fall foliage.
Guide to Spotting Trees Based on Their Fall Leaves
The changing of the leaves makes it much easier to identify trees in the Smoky Mountains because each species has its own unique shade of color. Here is a quick look at some of the most well-known varieties of trees in the Smokies:
- Shining Sumac: red
- Dogwood: deep red
- Sourwood: brick red
- Red Maple: bright scarlet or orange
- Oaks: red, russet, or brown
- Birch: bright yellow
- Tulip Poplar: golden yellow
- Black Maple: glowing yellow
- Hickories: golden-bronze
- Sugar Maple: orange-red
Best Fall Hikes in the Smoky Mountains
Hiking in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park is the best way to get an up-close look at the lovely leaves. Here are a few of our favorite fall trails, along with their round-trip mileage and the best time to hike them :
- Sugarland Mountain Trail – 7 miles
- Albright Grove Loop Trail – 6.7 miles
- Spence Field – 10.3 miles
- Little River Trail – 4.9 miles
- Porters Creek Trail – 4 miles
- Baskins Creek Falls – 3 miles
- Grapeyard Ridge Trail – 5.8 miles
- Rich Mountain Loop – 8.5 miles
- Charlies Bunion – 8.1 miles
- Abrams Falls – 5.3 miles
- Schoolhouse Gap – 3.8 miles
Best Fall Drives in the Smoky Mountains
Of course, you can also see the beautiful autumn foliage right from your car! Here are the best scenic drives in the Smokies:
- Newfound Gap Road – 32 miles long
- Clingmans Dome Road – 7 miles long
- Cades Cove – 11 miles (loop road)
- Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail – 5.5 miles (loop road)
More Great Places to See the Fall Foliage in the Smoky Mountains
The cities of Gatlinburg and Pigeon Forge are home to a number of attractions that offer impressive views of the mountains and the fall colors. Here are a few destinations that you will definitely want to visit during your vacation:
- Ober Gatlinburg Aerial Tramway
- Gatlinburg Sky Lift
- Gatlinburg Space Needle
- Great Smoky Mountain Wheel at The Island
- The Drop Line at Dollywood
Where to Stay in the Smoky Mountains
When you stay with Timber Tops Cabin Rentals, you will be immersed in the wonderful fall foliage in the Smoky Mountains. Located in the foothills of the Smokies, our cabins offer stunning views of the autumn colors. With everything from 1 bedroom cabins to 15 bedroom cabins, we are sure to have the perfect property for your vacation. To start planning your getaway, browse our selection of cabins in the Smoky Mountains!